Fact Check Friday: Trump kicks off new year with flurry of falsehoods

President Donald Trump saved up his habit of creating unfaithful claims within the main abbreviated week of 2019, starting the fresh 365 days by allotting a dizzying provide of factually dubious and outright unfaithful statements.

Over the direction of an hour-and-a-half-long press availability all the blueprint by blueprint of his first Cupboard meeting of 2019, the president equipped a puzzling justification for the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, grossly inflated the impress of illegal immigration and the alternative of americans within the country with out correct documentation, claimed he “indubitably” fired his used secretary of defense (who truly resigned over protection disagreements with the commander-in-chief), and falsely claimed the U.S. spends more in Afghanistan in one month than he’s asking for for his desired border wall.

Trump’s puzzling recollection of why the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan

In making the case that an huge timeline on military presence in Afghanistan serves handiest to distress the U.S., President Trump began a riff on an argument he continually ancient all the blueprint by blueprint of the 2016 advertising and marketing and marketing campaign: pointing to the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan in 1979.

“Russia ancient to be the Soviet Union. Afghanistan made it Russia, because they went bankrupt combating in Afghanistan,” Trump said.

Whereas several historians reached by ABC Info acknowledged that the Afghanistan battle became dear for the united statesS.R., there became appreciable disagreement with the president’s rivals that the invasion contributed to the Soviet Union’s crumple.

“No person also can remotely argue that the battle in Afghanistan had the leisure to construct with the rupture-up of the Soviet Union,” said Sergey Radchenko, a professor of Worldwide Politics at Cardiff University and Worldwide Fellow at the Wilson Heart. “The Soviet Union fell apart partly on yarn of runaway forces of centrifugal nationalism, which the actual building of the Soviet impart satirically enabled, and partly because sure political actors within the greatest republics — especially Russia — sought to accomplish vitality by weakening the heart’s authority.”

“It became handiest a microscopic fragment of the Soviet total defense expenditure,” Radchenko added.

Artemy Kalinovsky, an assistant professor at the University of Amsterdam and study affiliate at the Chilly Battle Study Program at the London College of Economics and Politics, largely agreed with Radchenko.

“The battle became not a well-known drain on the Soviet Union both in laborious military terms or in fiscal terms,” Kalinovsky suggested ABC. “Reporting on the battle within the leisurely 1980s did make contributions to political polarization, resulted in a more severe perspective in direction of the military on the section of the final public, and helped alienate one of the important military elite from Mikhail Gorbachev. But the Afghanistan battle became not a serious ingredient within the nationalist mobilizations of that period.”

In his Cupboard meeting, Trump also made the argument that Russia invaded Afghanistan basically because, “terrorists had been going into Russia,” adding, “they had been impartial correct to be there.”

The latter command that the united statesS.R. became “impartial correct” to invade Afghanistan flies within the face of decades of past U.S. protection, especially all in favour of the U.S. intervened in Afghanistan at the time to abet the mujahideen in their fight in opposition to the Soviets.

“That is clearly a expansive departure from the vogue U.S. policymakers – Democrats and Republicans – dangle ever talked about the Soviet intervention,” Kalinovsky said. “It is a long way also not the vogue most Russians — including many military leaders — saw issues, even though lately there became more of an effort to define the initial intervention.”

The Soviet pretext at the time of the invasion became to give enhance to the communist authorities in their fight in opposition to the anti-Communist mujaheddin.

But it indubitably became the president’s command of ‘terrorists’ going into the united statesS.R. to wait on up his perception that Soviet intervention became justified that in actuality at a loss for words historians.

“This command is utterly preposterous,” Radchenko said. “The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan became a complicated affair, however the conception that some terrorists had been infiltrating the united statesS.R. from Afghanistan has no foundation actually.”

“When the Soviets intervened in Afghanistan they weren’t unnerved about terrorism or Islamism of any kind,” Kalinovsky added. “They had been mostly unnerved that an unstable Afghanistan would be a chance for america to threaten the U.S. on its southern border.”

PHOTO: President Donald Trump, national security advisor H.R. McMaster, White Condominium chief of group John Kelly and Protection Secretary Jim Mattis attend a briefing within the Cupboard Room of the White Condominium, Oct. 5, 2017, in Washington, D.C.Andrew Harrer-Pool/Getty Photos, FILE
President Donald Trump, national security advisor H.R. McMaster, White Condominium chief of group John Kelly and Protection Secretary Jim Mattis attend a briefing within the Cupboard Room of the White Condominium, Oct. 5, 2017, in Washington, D.C.

Does illegal immigration cost the US $250 billion every 365 days?

Shut to the launch of the Cupboard meeting, President Trump over and over stressed the necessity for a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border to curb illegal immigration.

Repeating a command he made in a tweet about one month prior, he argued that if Congress offered him along with his calls for for $5.6 billion in border wall funding it will probably well “pay for itself in a month or two.”

“Attributable to we lose blooming shut to $250 billion on illegal immigration,” Trump said. “And I would dispute that it goes to also very successfully be on a monthly, or a pair of months, it will probably well pay for the wall, pay for what we’re talking about.”

But that command isn’t horny. The White Condominium did not correct now acknowledge to questions soliciting for readability on where the president first came across this statistic, but of various fair analyses measuring the industrial charges of illegal immigration, none come shut to the $250 billion figure floated by Trump.

A 2013 file from the conservative Heritage Foundation estimated that undocumented immigrant households cost the U.S. “around $54.5 billion” per 365 days in fetch fiscal burden.

And a 2017 file from the Heart for Immigration Study, which in most cases advocates for aggressive measures to curb illegal immigration, imagined the following scenario of the wall “paying for itself” because the president has described.

“If a border wall stopped between 100 sixty,000 and 200,000 illegal crossers — 9 to 12 percent of those anticipated to successfully injurious within the following decade — the fiscal savings would equal the $12 to $15 billion cost of the wall,” the explore said.

But that estimate is unruffled a long way a long way from the “$250 billion” the president claims that illegal immigration charges the U.S. per 365 days.

Trump falsely claims 30-35 million undocumented immigrants reside in US

President Trump also ancient his prolonged time in front of cameras to fabricate a command widely inflating the present alternative of undocumented immigrants residing within the U.S.

“Survey, when you occur to hear — I’ve been hearing Eleven million; I’ve been 12 million; I’ve been hearing 35 million,” Trump said. “I ancient to hear Eleven million the entire time. It will constantly preserve impartial correct at Eleven.”

Trump added, “It be doubtlessly 30, 35 million americans.”

But that command is unfaithful.

Intention of starting up Safety Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen, testifying earlier than the Condominium Oversight Committee on Dec. 20, said her department for the time being estimates there are “someplace” between Eleven million and 22 million undocumented immigrants for the time being residing within the U.S.

Pew Researchers dangle generated rather more conservative estimates, nonetheless, releasing study that they command shows the alternative of undocumented immigrants has truly diminished leading as a lot as 2016 from its peak of 12.2 million in 2007.

Trump attempts to revise how and why Mattis departed

President Trump became the main to jabber by Twitter last month that James Mattis would be “retiring” as secretary of defense. And officers correct by blueprint of the administration made particular at the time that Mattis’ resignation became not compelled but a resolution he fabricated from his have accord.

But at Wednesday’s Cupboard meeting, President Trump sought to alternate that story by asserting he “indubitably” fired Mattis.

“President Obama fired him, and indubitably, so did I,” Trump said, criticizing Mattis’ management of the U.S. military presence in Afghanistan, where President Trump is now weighing a troop drawdown.

“What’s he accomplished for me? How has he accomplished in Afghanistan? No longer too impartial correct. No longer too impartial correct. I’m not utterly overjoyed with what he’s accomplished in Afghanistan. And I shouldn’t be utterly overjoyed,” Trump said.

Trump’s strive to alternate the chronicle comes after a gargantuan body of reporting that Mattis resigned in bellow over his right disagreements with the president’s announced resolution to withdraw troops from Syria within 30 days, a timetable the president has since walked wait on to allow for a more slack drawdown.

In his resignation letter made public, Mattis did not veil his philosophical disagreements with the president, writing, “Attributable to you dangle basically the most bright to dangle a Secretary of Protection whose views are better aligned with yours on these and other issues, I give it some idea’s impartial correct for me to step down from my web web page online.”

PHOTO: U.S. Marines preserve explore as unseen Afghan Nationwide Army squaddies resolve on half in a coaching insist at the Shorab Militia Camp in Lashkar Gah within the Afghan province of Helmand, Aug. 28, 2017.AFP/Getty Photos, FILE
U.S. Marines preserve explore as unseen Afghan Nationwide Army squaddies resolve on half in a coaching insist at the Shorab Militia Camp in Lashkar Gah within the Afghan province of Helmand, Aug. 28, 2017.

Trump claims the US spends more in a month in Afghanistan that entire cost of border wall

Trump also argued that the U.S. spends more in one month in Afghanistan than the $5.6 billion figure he’s stressful for a southern border wall within the ongoing shutdown fight.

“We spend in Afghanistan more in one month than what we’re talking about for the wall,” Trump said, citing the $5.6 billion figure he’s asking for.

But his numbers are off.

Final February, Pentagon apt Randall Schriver testified that the battle in Afghanistan cost about $Forty five billion every 365 days. That would put the monthly cost of the Afghan battle at $Three.seventy five.

So, while the U.S. is unruffled spending a appreciable amount in Afghanistan on a monthly foundation, it’s below the $5.6 billion figure cited by the president.

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